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Sacred Texts  Christianity Index 


The Apocrypha


Apocrypha means 'hidden things' in Greek. The Apocryphical books of the Bible fall into two categories: texts which were included in some canonical version of the Bible at some point, and other texts of a Biblical nature which have never been canonical.


Deuterocanonical Apocrypha

The Deuterocanonical Books of the Bible These are books which are included in some version of the canonical Bible, but which have been excluded at one time or another, for textual or doctrinal issues. These are called 'Deuterocanonical', which means 'books added to the canon.'


Other Apocrypha

These are other apocryphal texts which have not been canonized, but which nevertheless shed light on the Bible and its history.

The Forgotten Books of Eden [1926]
This is a collection of pseudepigrapha, specifically:

The First Book of Adam and Eve
The Second Book of Adam and Eve
The Book of the Secrets of Enoch
The Psalms of Solomon
The Odes of Solomon
The Letter of Aristeas
Fourth Book of Maccabees
The Story of Ahikar
The Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs
Testament of Reuben
Testament of Simeon
Testament of Levi
The Testament of Judah
The Testament of Issachar
The Testament of Zebulun
The Testament of Dan
The Testament of Naphtali
The Testament Of Gad
The Testament of Asher
The Testament of Joseph
The Testament of Benjamin

The Biblical Antiquities of Philo
translated by M. R. James [1917]
An alternative pseudepigraphal narrative of the Hebrew Bible from Gensis through 1 Samuel, written in the first century C.E.

The Gospel of Thomas
These are reputedly the writings of the apostle 'Doubting Thomas'. This text purports to be a collection of the sayings of Jesus. Traditionally Thomas was Jesus' twin brother. This text shows strong Gnostic influence.

The Sibylline Oracles The Sibylline books were oracular Roman scrolls. These are the pseudo-Sibylline Oracles. The reason they are cross-referenced here is because they have many similarities to early Christian writings, and they were quoted by the Church Fathers.

The Book of Enoch Translated by R.H. Charles [1917]
This is an etext of a critical edition of the Book of Enoch. Enoch introduced such concepts as fallen Angels, the Messiah, the Resurrection, and others.

The Book of Jubilees Translated by R.H. Charles [1917]
The Book of Jubilees is a text from the 2nd century B.C.E. which covers much of the same ground as Genesis, with some interesting additional details. It may have been an intermediate form of Gensis which was incorporated into later versions.

Slavonic Life of Adam and Eve 5,619 bytes

The Books of Adam and Eve This is the translation of the Books of Adam and Eve from the Oxford University Press Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha. 29,061 bytes

The Book of Jasher

Excerpts from the Gospel of Mary
This fragment, of disputed authenticity, puts the relationship between Mary Magdalen, Jesus and the Apostles in a radically different perspective than traditional beliefs.