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Sacred-texts  Classical Paganism  Hesiod 

Entrance to the Treasury of Atreus at Mycenae © J.B. Hare 2002

The Works of Homer


Works of Homer   Homerica


The Iliad of Homer, Samuel Butler translator [1898]

The Odyssey of Homer, Samuel Butler translator [1900]

The Iliad and Odyssey [Unicode Greek] Homer in the original Greek.

The Homeric Hymns, translated by Hugh G. Evelyn-White [1914]

The Adventures of Odysseus and the Tale of Troy
By Padraic Colum, Illustrations by Willy Pogany [1918]
A retelling of the story of Odysseus with gorgeous line-art illustrations.
Thanks to Eliza Fegley at sacredspiral.com.

Homeric Fragments, translated by Hugh G. Evelyn-White [1914]. These are a few scattered notes about other lost works of Homer.

For over three centuries scholars have debated whether an actual person named Homer existed; some have speculated that the name Homer is actually a collective name for a group of bards (the Homeridae) who redacted (edited) a existing cycle of oral epics about 800 B.C.E. Others believe, based on textual evidence, that one person did compose or redact the two major Homeric compositions.

Certainly, there are few details about Homer's life. According to classical sources, Homer lived around 1200 B.C.E.; today dates of the 8th or 7th Century B.C.E. are quoted. Homer is traditionally described as being blind--based on one Archaic Greek fragment--but the visual quality of his work makes this hard to believe; perhaps he became blind later in life.

The Illiad is based on events which probably occurred around 1000 B.C.E. Heinrich Schliemann, a German archeologist in the early 20th Century, excavated a site in western Turkey which he identified as the actual city of Troy. and resembles closely the description of Troy in the Iliad.

In any case, these stories remain the most ancient European literature that we have intact; because of their lively pacing and vivid characters they still have strong appeal for modern readers.


Homerica

The following are fragments written by other authors in antiquity on the subject of the Homeric epic and Homer; some of these were spuriously attributed to Homer. These are remnants of a huge epic cycle which encompassed the whole mythological and legendary history of the Greeks, of which the battle for Troy is the centerpiece. The cycle was never completely canonized, and as late as classical Roman times

These are from Hesiod, the Homeric Hymns and Homerica by Hugh G. Evelyn-White, [1914] (Loeb Classics #57). The other portions of this book are presented above on this page, and in the Hesiod section;

Fragments of the Epic Cycle.
The Cypria (Fragments).
Fragments of a prequel to the Iliad by Hegesias or Stasinus, attributed to Homer.
Aethiopis (Fragments).
Fragments of another epic with Homeric characters.
The Little Iliad (Fragments)
An abridged Iliad attributed to Lesches of Mitylene.
The Sack of Ilium (fragments)
by Arctinus of Miletus.
The Returns and The Telegony (Fragments)
The Returns, by Agias of Troezen was set between the Iliad and Odyssey, it described the homecoming of the other Achaean heros from Troy; The Telegony, by Eugammon of Cyrene, of which we have only a synopsis by Proclus, is a sequel to the Odyssey.

These are a couple of humorous pieces on Homeric themes.
The Battle of Frogs and Mice.
This is a short parody of the Iliad.
The Contest of Homer and Hesiod.
A bardic battle royale between Homer and Hesiod.