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Temple of Posiedon at Sounioun, (c) J.B. Hare 2002

The Classics


Greek Texts   Roman Texts
  General Books
About the Photos...


This section contains texts from ancient Greece and Rome, primarily about Classical Pagan beliefs. However, any text which has survived from this period of antiquity is, by definition, a classic. Many of these texts were only saved from the flames of the dark ages in locations remote from Rome and Athens, such as the legendary city of Timbuktu in central Africa, Irish monastaries, and by Islamic scholars in centers of learning as Baghdad.


Greek

HOMER
Works of Homer:
The Iliad of Homer,
Samuel Butler translator [1898]
The Odyssey of Homer,
Samuel Butler translator [1900]
The Homeric Hymn to Demeter
The Iliad and Odyssey of Homer in Greek

HESIOD
Works of Hesiod:
Hesiod's Theogony
Works and Days

ORPHEUS
The Hymns of Orpheus,
by Thomas Taylor [1792]

SAPPHO
The Poems of Sappho
English and Transliterated Greek
The Poems of Sappho (Unicode)
English and Greek
The Songs of Bilitis
by Pierre Louÿs, tr. by Alvah C. Bessie [1926]

AESOP
The Fables of Aesop

AESCHYLUS
The Dramas of Aeschylus

ARISTOTLE
The Works of Aristotle

SOPHOCLES
The Dramas of Sophocles

EURIPIDES
The Dramas of Euripides

PLATO
The Dialogues of Plato

PYTHAGORAS
The Golden Verses of Pythagoras,
by Florence M. Firth [1902]


Roman

VIRGIL
Works of Virgil:
The Aeneid
English and Latin
The Eclogues
J.W. MacKail tr. [1934]. English and Latin
The Georgics
J.W. MacKail tr. [1934]. English and Latin

APULEIUS
The Golden Asse
By Apuleius.
Translated by William Adlington. [1566]

The Most Pleasant and Delectable Tale of The Marriage of Cupid and Psyche
By Apuleius.
Translated by William Adlington. Illustrations by Dorothy Mullock [1914]

PLOTINUS
The Enneads of Plotinus

MARCUS AURELIUS ANTONINUS
Meditations
247,149 bytes

LUCRETIUS
On The Nature Of Things
By Titus Lucretius Carus 447,623 bytes

OVID
Works of Ovid:
Metamorphoses
English and Latin
Amores, Ars Amatoria, Remedia Amoris and Medicamina Faciei Femineae
English and Latin

PETRONIUS
Gaius Petronius:
The Sayricon of Petronius

PRIAPEIA
The Priapeia
Translated by L.C. Smithers and Sir Richard Burton [1890] English and Latin

EMPEROR JULIAN
Two Orations of the Emperor Julian
Translated by Thomas Taylor [1793]

Other Roman resources

The Royal Museum at Naples, Being Some Account of The Erotic Paintings, Bronzes, and Statues Contained in that Famous "Cabinet Secret", by Stanislas Marie César Famin [1871]
Sixty lithographs of erotic Roman art and artifacts.


General

Bulfinch's Mythology
Bulfinch's able retelling of the classic myths has served as an introduction to the subject for generation of readers.
The Heroes, or Greek Fairy Tales for my Children
by Charles Kingsley [1901]
A retelling of the myths of Perseus, Jason and the Argonauts, and Theseus for young adults, with lavish art-deco illustrations.

The Sibylline Oracles
Translated by Milton S. Terry [1899].
The (pseudo)-Sibylline Oracles are ancient books of prophecy.

Myths of Crete and Pre-Hellenic Europe
by Donald A. Mackenzie. [1917]
A survey of what is known about the civilization of ancient
Crete.
The Dionysian Artificers
by Hippolyto Joseph da Costa [1820].
Ancient Fragments
by I. P. Cory [1832]
The Mysteries of Mithra
by Franz Cumont [1903]
Learn about the religion that might have taken the place of Christianity.

The Oriental Religions in Roman Paganism
by Franz Cumont [1911]
Roman paganism later incorporated a diverse set of beliefs including ecstatic near-eastern religions, a wide range of goddess cults, dualism from
Persia, and astrology.
Pagan Regeneration:
A Study of Mystery Initiations in the Graeco-Roman World, by Harold R. Willoughby [1929]
   Thanks to Eliza at sacredspiral.com!

Taboo, Magic, Spirits:
A Study of Primitive Elements in Roman Religion, By Eli Edward Burriss [1931]
   Thanks to Eliza at sacredspiral.com!

The Religion of Numa
And Other Essays on the Religion of Ancient Rome by Jesse Benedict Carter [1906]
An excellent history of the evolution of Roman religious ideas.

The Amazons
by Guy Cadogan Rothery. [1910]
Religious Cults Associated with the Amazons
by Florence Mary Bennett. [1912]
Ioläus, An Anthology of Friendship
by Edward Carpenter [1917] This is an anthology of literary quotes about (primarily) male friendship, from David and Jonathan to Walt Whitman, particularly those verging on romantic love. Whether any of these relationships were actually erotic in nature is left up to the reader's imagination.
Pagan and Christian Creeds
by Edward Carpenter [1922]
Carpenter explores the similaries between Christianity and ancient mystery religions, as well as the similiarities between the narrative of Christ and other solar heros.

A Problem in Greek Ethics
By John Addington Symonds [1901]
A study of Greek homosexuality, centering on the institutionalized (and idealized) love of adolescent males by older men.

Intermediate Types Among Primitive Folk
by Edward Carpenter [1914]
Carpenter reviews the data on homosexuality in the ancient world, relating it to anthopological reports about shamans and berdaches (transgender people) in tribal societies, as well as to male same-sex relationships in feudal
Japan.
Ancient Art and Ritual
by Jane Harrison [1913]