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African Religion
 


Osiris standing between Isis and Nephthys (public domain image)

Ancient Egypt


The civilization of Ancient Egypt lasted longer than the entire span of what we have come to accept as 'recorded history': over three thousand years. During these millenia the Egyptians developed a multitude of gods and goddesses, as well as esoteric practices that we are still unravelling the meaning of. Besides this, Egypt was the source of the first true monothestic religion, under the pharaoh Akhenaton. This rich tradition was mostly unknown until the early nineteenth century, when the Egyptian language was finally deciphered.


Texts

The Pyramid Texts Samuel A. B. Mercer, translator [1952].
This is the oldest sacred text in the world that we know of, dating back to 3100 B.C.E. The Pyramid Texts are funerary inscriptions from the early pyramids. This was the first translation of the Pyramid Texts into English, and this etext is the first time it has appeared on the Internet.


The Egyptian Book of the Dead
E. A. Wallis Budge, translator [1895].
The best known Ancient Egyptian sacred text, which describes the journey into the afterlife.

The Egyptian Heaven and Hell by E. A. Wallis Budge [1905]
A journey through the night side of the Ancient Egyptian cosmos.

Vol. I: The Book of the Am-Tuat
Vol II: The Book of Gates
Vol III: The Egyptian Heaven and Hell

 


The Liturgy of Funerary Offerings
by E. A. Wallis Budge [1909].
Also known as "The Book of the Opening of the Mouth", this book contains a large extract from the Pyramid Texts, the oldest known Ancient Egyptian sacred text.

 


Legends of the Gods: The Egyptian Texts
by E. A. Wallis Budge [1912]
Translations of key Ancient Egyptian myths. Includes Plutarchs' De Iside et Osiride.

The Burden of Isis by James Teackle Dennis [1910]
A translation of a set of hymns to the goddess Isis.

The Wisdom of the Egyptians by Brian Brown [1923]
Includes the Ptah-Hotep and the Ke'gemini, the Wisdom of Hermes Trismegistus, and the Book of Thoth.


General

Tutankhamen: Amenism, Atenism and Egyptian Monotheism by E. A. Wallis Budge [1923]

Egyptian Mythology and Egyptian Christianity Samuel Sharpe [1863].


Egyptian Ideas of the Future Life
E. A. Wallis Budge [1900].

 


Egyptian Magic
E. A. Wallis Budge [1901].

 


Egyptian Myth and Legend
Donald A. Mackenzie [1907].

Legends of Babylonia and Egypt by Leonard W. King 396,030 bytes