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Al-Khidhr and Moses (PUT)
Al-Khidhr is the scholar and the faithful man that was appointed by Quran [please refer to the chapter of Al-Kahf:65] and the most famous saying is that his name was Elias (Elijah) ben Milkân ben `Âmir ben Arfakhshad ben Shem ben Noah (PUH)[most probably this is the ancestry as in Torah: ben Joktan ben Eber ben Arpachshad ben Shem ben Noah, but the name Shelah is not mentioned in the Arabic version so it is not mentioned here in this notation], this is the most famous ancestry as copied from our scholars, and some said his name is Khidhrawaih ben Qâbil (Cain) ben Adam, and some said his name is Khadhrun, and there are other sayings, it is said that he was called Al-Khidhr because because whenever he used to sit on a plain ground then this piece of earth would shake and turn green [Arabic: Green = Akhdhar] as it was mentioned, and he was at the head of the army of Ðul-Qarnain when he entered into the darkness and drank of the water of life, and Ðul-Qarnain was seeking that spring, and when he knew that he drank of it he said to him: you are its owner and your life will span until the doomsday, and the speech about this is mentioned before in the chapter of Ðul-Qarnain, and some say he is one of the prophets, and some said that he is a prophet and a messanger, and others said that he is a viceroy but not a prophet, and the last opinion is the one mostly famous for the public, and about his father they said he is Adam, and others said he is the son of the pharaoh, and the son of Esau ben Isaac, and the son of Kilyân, and the son of Milkân and the last one is the most famous.
As it is mentioned by Al-Bukhâri that he denies that he (Al-Khidhr) is still alive, and also by Muslim, and they brought the clue for his death from a prophetic narration (by the prophet PUH), and one scholar was asked about this matter so he mentioned God's saying: We appointed immortality for no mortal before thee(Al-Anbiyâ':34), and as attributed to Ibn Taymiyah he said: if Al-Khidhr was alive then he should had come to the prophet (PUH) and fight under his command and learn from him.
And as attributed to Ibrâhim Al-Harbi about this matter, he had a long talk that points out that it is impossible that he is still alive and that nothing did make the people believe in that except of the devil. Lot of scholars of the public believe that he is dead and maybe this matter is not something to discuss with other muslims.
But as attributed to our Imam, Al-Ridhâ (PUH) that he said: when the prophet (PUH) died, Al-Khidhr came and stood at the door of the house and there were `Ali and Fâtimah and Al-Hasan and Al-Husain (PUT) all are inside and the prophet was laid down with a cloth over him, and he said: peace upon you O people of the house, every soul will taste the death and your rewards will be fulfilled at the doomsday, God had made descendants for every dead and a sympathy for every adversity and a chance with everything that passes by, so depend on Him and trust Him and I shall ask for forgiveness from God for me and for you, so then the prince of believers (PUH) said: this is my brother Al-Khidhr came to have sympathy with you for your prophet.
The pray of Kumail [a famous pray for Shiites, usually read every Thursday at night, and it is full of self-humiliation towards God] the well-known in the books of prays and it is the one that the prince of believers (PUH) taught to Kumail ben Ziyâd is actually for Al-Khidhr (PUH), and in the books of prays it is mentioned that this pray is originally was for Al-Khidhr, as it is one of natural things, although it is not necessary that he was there at that time but they all do understand that from the saying of the prince of believers (PUH): it is the pray of my brother Al-Khidhr, and it is well known for them that the pray of visiting the prince of believers at the day of his death, the twenty first of Ramadhan is also for Al-Khidhr.
It is mentioned that at the day that the prince of believers (PUH) had died, a man with fine looks and a white beard came to the house of the prince of believers in Kufa and got his head from the door looking at those who were sitting inside and the people were gathering around Al-Hasan (PUH) and he spoke these words as a sympathy for Al-Hasan and his brother Al-Husain (PUT) for the death of their father, so he said: may God has mercy upon you O father of Al-Hasan, you were the first to be a muslim and the purist in faith, and the most confident, and fearing God the most, ... and it is a long talk that is used to visit the prince of believers in that day of each year, and some of it is that: you were his (the prophet) viceroy truely with no arguments and did not care about the claims of hypocrites and the anger of the disbelievers and the hate of enviers and the hate of the wrong-doers, and also from it: you were, by God, the bee of the religion, you were for the disbelievers a torture and for the believers a fort, and you went so far away, and made people after you so tired. All of that carry the clues that it is a speech of a holy person that knows better the value of the prince of believers, check it back in references such as those for Al-Kaf`umi and Al-Mazâr Al-Kabeer and so on, and there is no need to discuss longer for what there is no doubt about, about the existance of Al-Khidhr (PUH) until this very day, add to that that there are many speeches and narrations that mention that Al-Khidhr will be out one day with the last viceroy (Al-Mahdi) and be one of his soldiers, may our souls be a ransom for him, and may peace be upon them and mercy of God and His blessings, so let us back to our subject may God make success for us.
God did say: And when Moses said unto his servant: I will not give up until I reach the point where the two rivers meet, though I march on for ages. And when they reached the point where the two met, they forgot their fish, and it took its way into the waters, being free. And when they had gone further, he said unto his servant: Bring us our breakfast. Verily we have found fatigue in this our journey. He said: Didst thou see, when we took refuge on the rock, and I forgot the fish - and none but Satan caused me to forget to mention it - it took its way into the waters by a marvel. He said: This is that which we have been seeking. So they retraced their steps again. Then found they one of Our slaves, unto whom We had given mercy from Us, and had taught him knowledge from Our presence. Moses said unto him: May I follow thee, to the end that thou mayst teach me right conduct of that which thou hast been taught? He said: Lo! thou canst not bear with me..etc(Al-Kahf:60-67), so on with phrases from the chapter of Al-Kahf.
As it is mentioned by Al-Bâqir (PUH): the servant is Joshua (Jeshua) ben Nun, and it is said that he is Joshua ben Nun ben Ephraim ben Joseph (PUH), and he used to be with Moses all the time and never leave him and serve him and for this he was called his servant, and the point where the two rivers meet [notice that in  Arabic the word used is two seas and not two rivers, but this is how Pickthall's translation goes] is most apparently the point of meeting of the seas of Rum and Fâris (Romans and Persia) [this sea of Rum or the Romans is known to be the Midterranean and this is how ancient Arabs used to call it, but Sea of Persia is not apparent, but seems it is more closer to be the Black Sea] and it is the place that Moses was promised to meet Al-Khidhr in. [then comes phrases explaining words in Arabic that were used in the previous mentioned phrases. Not included here for the style of translation].
In narrations it is told that when the prophet (PUH) told Quraysh [Quraysh is the main tribe in Mecca] about the story of the people of the cave [people of the cave are the seven sleepers of Ephesus in the christian version of the story, and the chapter of the Al-Kahf in Quran was named mainly after their story. Al-Kahf means The Cave], they asked him: tell us about the scholar that Moses was ordered by God to follow him and what is his story? He answered them: the reason for this is that when God talked to Moses and revealed the tablets for him and in them what God did say about: And We wrote for him, upon the tablets, the lesson to be drawn from all things and the explanation of all things(Al-A`râf:145), and then he got back to his people, the Israelites, and told them that God revealed upon him the Torah and talked to him, then he said to himself: God did not create someone that knows better than me, so then God inspired to Gabriel: rescue Moses he is to be doomed, and tell him that there where the two seas meet at the rock, there is a man that knows better than you so go to him and learn from him, so Gabriel came down to Moses and told him that so Moses then humiliated himself and knew that he was wrong and he got scared and said to his viceroy Joshua: God had ordered me to follow a man at the point where the two seas meet and to learn from him, so Joshua took a salted whale (fish) and they went out and when they reached that point they saw a man lying down on his back but they did not know him, so Moses' viceroy took out the whale and wahsed it with water and put it on the rock and they went along and forgot about it, and that water was the water of life so the whale got alive again and went into the water, and Moses with Joshua walked on until they got tired and Moses then said to Joshua: prepare our lunch [in Pickthall's translation it is mentioned to be a breakfast, but yet in Arabic the word used is the one used for "lunch"] we got tired of this travelling, so Joshua remembered the fish and what happened to it so he said to Moses: I've forgot the fish at that rock, so Moses then said: that man we saw at that rock, he is the one we desire, so they traced back their traces and found the man busy with praying, so Moses sat down until he finished his praying and greeted him.
In a speech attributed to Al-Ridhâ (PUH) he said: Moses came to the scholar in an island while he was sitting there, so Moses greeted him and he said to him: who are you? He answered: I am Moses ben Amram that God spoke to, he replied: and what is your need? He answered: I came to you to teach me some of what you know, then the man said: I was appointed for something that you cannot bear, and then the scholar started to tell him about the adversities of the Household of Muhammad (PUT) until they both cried loudly, and then he talked to him about the virtues of the Household of Muhammad (PUT) which made Moses say: wish if I was one of the Household of Muhammad (PUT), and he mentioned to him some of the adversities and wrong that will strike them after the death of the prophet (PUH), and he mentioned for him what the prophet will face from his people, until he interpreted for him the meaning of the holy phrase: We confound their hearts and their eyes. As they believed not therein at the first(Al-An`âm:110) [some words come after but I did not understand or translate them!].
In that same speech it is mentioned that Moses said: May I follow thee, to the end that thou mayst teach me right conduct of that which thou hast been taught? So Al-Khidhr answered: Lo! thou canst not bear with me, How canst thou bear with that whereof thou canst not compass any knowledge? Moses then answered: God willing, thou shalt find me patient and I shall not in aught gainsay thee, then Al-Khidhr said: Well, if thou go with me, ask me not concerning aught till I myself make mention of it unto thee, meaning do not ask me about anything until I explain it to you, and Moses said: yes, so then the three of them went to the seashore, and a ship that was there was ready to leave, so the masters of the ship said: we shall carry those faithful people, and so they did, and when the ship was into the sea, Al-Khidhr went to the side of the ship and broke some of it and put on it some mud and clothes, and then Moses came so angry and said to Al-Khidhr: Hast thou made a hole therein to drown the folk thereof? Thou verily hast done a dreadful thing, so Al-Khidhr then said: Did I not tell thee that thou couldst not bear with me? Then Moses said: Be not wroth with me that I forgot, and be not hard upon me for my fault, and then they went out of the ship and Al-Khidhr saw a kid that was playing with other kids and he was of a fine face like a moon, so Al-Khidhr meditated a while at him and then he took him and killed him, and then Moses changed and been angry and said to him: What! Hast thou slain an innocent soul who hath slain no man? Verily thou hast done a horrid thing, and Al-Khidhr said: Did I not tell thee that thou couldst not bear with me? Moses then said: If I ask thee after this concerning aught, keep not company with me. Thou hast received an excuse from me, so they went along until they reached a village called Al-Nâsirah (Nazareth) for which the christians are named after [Arabic: Nasârâ = Christians, an adjective in plural form for Nâsrani meaning "one of Nazareth" or Christian in general], but they did not welcome them and did not apply hospitality towards them, so then Al-Khidhr looked at a wall that was inclined and moved from his position and almost ruined, so then Al-Khidhr put his hand on it and said to it: get up by God's permission, so he fixed it, and then Moses said: if you want you can take a reward for this, you shouldn't have fixed this wall until they do us hospitality, and then Al-Khidhr said: This is the parting between thee and me! I will announce unto thee the interpretation of that thou couldst not bear with patience, as for the ship that I did break some of it it was for poor people that make a living by it so I wanted to make some damage in it because there is a king that takes every ship by force, but if the ship had some damages he does not will to take it, and as for the kid, his parents were faithful people and we are afraid that he will make them tired with his tyranny so we desired that God give them instead a faithful offspring, and as for the wall it belongs to two orphans in the town and there is a treasure that was buried under that wall that belongs to them, and their father was a faithful man so your Lord wanted them to be adult and get that treasure out for themselves, this is the interpretation of what you could not bear.
They say that Moses asked his Lord: who of Your servants knows best? He said: the one who seeks the wisdom of people to add to his wisdom so that he may find a word of guidance or a word that prevents his doom, then he said: if there are one of Your servants that knows better than I do guide me to him, then God answered: A-Khidhr knows better than you, he asked: how can I find him? God answered: on the seashore at the rock, he asked: how shall I find him? God answered: take a fish with you and wherever you lose it then there you will find him, so then Moses said to his servant: if you lost the fish tell me then, so they went on walking and when they reached the point of meeting of the two seas they forgot their fish and Moses forgot to ask about it and Joshua forgot to talk about it and tell Moses how the fish turned alive again..etc, and others say that Moses was asked: is there someone that knows better than you? He answered: no, so then God inspired to him: We do have someone that knows better than you, then he asked: who is he? Then God said to him: Al-Khidhr, and he is at the point of meeting of the two seas. It is mentioned that Joshua washed out from the spring of life and when he did so the water went out gushing towards him and the fish jumped off and took its way to the sea, and when they crossed the two seas he (Moses) said to his servant: prepare our lunch...etc and so on.
As for Moses being a prophet that does not mean that he needs not to be taught by someone else, even though he is a man of a religion that was revealed upon him and this is so as long it is not a condition assigned in religion, for the prophet must know better in the religion and the regulations of the religion more than his people and not to necessarily to have the ultimate wisdom as it is mentioned in interpretations, and the knowledge of crafts and industries are not proposed for the prophet and he is not asked to know them the best, notice. It is possible to be said: Al-Khidhr was a prophet among the prophets and the prophets differ in the degree of their wisdom and this is not a shame and not a curse for his value. About God's saying: and there was beneath it a treasure belonging to them..etc(Al-Kahf:82), it is mentioned that the treasure mentioned here is not made of gold nor silver but it was made of a tablet of gold and this was written on it:
Strange how happy could he be who was sure of death
Strange how sad could he be who believed in destiny
Strange how wrong could he be who knew that resurrection is true
Strange how safe could he feel who see how life changes with its people
And they say there are another four lines and they are:
I Am Allah no other god save but Me and Muhammad is My prophet
Surprised I Am for who has joy of heart and yet he is sure of death
Surprised I Am for who laughs and yet he is sure of the judgement day
Surprised I Am for who seeks not his fortune and yet he believed in destiny
Surprised I Am for who sees the first resurrection how shall yet he denies the last resurrection
[those are five though and not four but this is what is mentioned].
As attrbitued to Al-Sâdiq (PUH): when Moses ben Amram wanted to leave Al-Khidhr he said to him: advise me, so of what he advised him was this: becareful of being into importunity or to walk without a need, or to laugh without wondering, and remember your sins and do not talk about people's sins..etc, and we talked a lot about them so far and left so much of their conditions fearing the boredom and missing the most important facts, and God brings success.

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